Raul R  Silva, M.D. 
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Selected Publications

Selected Publications by Topic


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder


Handbook for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)  in Children and Adolescents. Norton Medical Publication, New York, NY, 2004


Book Chapters

Epidemiological Aspects of PTSD in Children and Adolescent  In: Handbook for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents 

Norton Medical Publication, New York, NY,  2004

Resiliency and Vulnerability Factors in Childhood PTSD In: Handbook for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children and 

Adolescents  Norton Medical  Publication, New York, NY, 2004


Differential Diagnosis of PTSD in Children  In: Handbook for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents
 Norton Medical Publication, 
New York, NY,  2004


Treatment of Children Exposed to Trauma.  In: Handbook for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents 
Norton Medical Publication, 
New York, NY, 2004


Vulnerability and Resiliency in Childhood Trauma and PTSD. In: Posttraumatic Syndromes in Childhood and Adolescence: A Handbook of  
and Practice  John Wiley & Sons, West Sussex, 2010


Scientific Journal Articles

Post Traumatic   Stress Disorder: Stress and Vulnerability in Children and Adolescents.  In: American Journal of Psychiatry 2000.


Early Intervention with Traumatized Children. In: Psychiatric Quarterly 2003.


Implementing CBT for Traumatized Children and Adolescents After September 11: Lessons Learned from the Child and Adolescent Trauma
In: Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 2007 and Services (CATS) Project


Psychometric Properties of Darryl, a Cartoon Based Measure to Assess Community Violence-Related PTSD in Children. In: Psychiatric


Salivary  cortisol in foster children: A pilot study. In: Child Abuse and Neglect  2008.


Silva RR, Muniz R, Pestreich L, Brams M, Mao AR, Childress A: Dexmethylphenidate Extended-Release Capsules in Children with Attention-
Hyperactivity Disorder. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry   2008.


Child and Adolescent Trauma Treatments and Services Consortium. Implementing an evidence-based trauma treatment in a state system
September 11: the CATS project.  In: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2007


Posttraumatic Stress  Disorder and Adolescent Development: A Review and Synthesis.  In: Clinical Psychology Review. In press.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Scientific Journal Articles

Carbamazepine Use in Children and Adolescents  with Features of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.  In: Journal of the Academy of
Child and 
Adolescent Psychiatry 1996.


Comparative efficacy of two once daily methylphenidate formulations (Ritalin LA and Concerta) and placebo in children with attention
hyperactivity disorder across the school day. In: Pediatric Drugs 2003.

Open Label Study of d-MPH in ADHD. In Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 2004


Efficacy of Two Long acting Methylphenidate Formulations in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in a Laboratory
Classroom Setting. In: Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology 2005.


Comparison of long-acting methylphenidate formulations in children with ADHD: Pooled analysis of 2 randomized, placebo-controlled
studies. In:
Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology   2004


Review and Comparison of the Long Acting Methylphenidate Preparations. In: Psychiatric Quarterly  2005.


Efficacy and Duration of Effect of Extended-Release Dexmethylphenidate Versus Placebo in Schoolchildren
With Attention-Deficit /Hyperactivity Disorder. In:  Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology 2006.


Review of dexmethylphenidate in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. In: Neuropsychiatric Disease  and
t 2006


Methylphenidate Transdermal System. Guest Commentary. In: Drugs, 2006.


Dexmethylphenidate Extended Release Capsules for the Treatment of ADHD.  In: Expert Opinions on Pharmacotherapy.   2006.


Critical assessment of the methylphenidate transdermal system. In: Drugs of Today  2007.


Efficacy of Extended-Release Dexmethylphenidate Compared with D,L,-Methylphenidate and Placebo in Boys and Girls with
ADHD: A Combined 
Analysis of Two 12-Hour Laboratory Classroom Studies. In: Journal of Child & Adolescent


Dexmethylphenidate Extended-Release Capsules in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. In: Journal of the American
Academy of 
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry   2008.


Treatment of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Results of a Randomized, Multicenter, Double-Blind,
 Crossover Study 
of Extended-Release Dexmethylphenidate and d,l-Methylphenidate and Placebo in a Laboratory Classroom Setting. In: Psychopharmacology Bulletin  2008.


A randomized, double-blind, crossover study of once daily dexmethylphenidate: Rapid onset of effect. In: CNS Drugs  2008.


Efficacy and Safety of Extended-Release Dexmethylphenidate Compared with d,l-Methylphenidate and Placebo in the Treatment of
Children with 
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A 12-hour Laboratory Classroom Study.   In:  Journal of
 Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology

Conners Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD referred schoolchildren In: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 2009

Cardiovascular safety of stimulant medications for pediatric attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.   In: Clinical Pediatrics 2010.


Aggression, Anxiety & Mood Disorders, Bipolar Disorder and Medications

Book Chapters

Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents: A Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment.   In: Topics in Paediatric Psychiatry,  Adis
Books.  2000


Suicide and bipolar disorder in children and adolescents  In:  Bipolar Disorder  Volume 5 of  the WPA Series "Evidence
and Experience in Psychiatry" Wiley Publishers. Chichester   2002.



Scientific Journal Articles

Predictors of Side Effects Associated With Lithium Administration in Children. In: Psychopharmacology Bulletin   1991.


Side Effects Associated with Lithium and with Placebo Administration in Aggressive Hospitalized Children.  In: Psychopharmacology
, 1992.


The Pharmacologic Treatment of Conduct Disorder and Rage Outbursts.  In: Psychiatric Clinics of North America  1992.


Lithium and Conduct Disorder. In:  L'Encephale 1993.


Lithium in Hospitalized Aggressive Children with Conduct Disorder: A Double-Blind and Placebo Controlled Study. In:  Journal of the
Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry


Cues to the Assessments of Affects and Moods: Speech Fluency and Pausing.  In: Psychopharmacology Bulletin 1995.


Vulnerability to Stress: Self-criticism and Stress-induced Changes in Biochemistry and Emotion. In: Journal of Personality  1997.


Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents: A Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment. In:  CNS Drugs  1999.


Cognitive Factors and Stress-Induced Changes in Catecholamine Biochemistry. In: Psychiatry Research  2000.


Reflections of Depression in Acoustic Measures of the Patient's Speech, In: Journal of Affective Disorders   2001.


Prediction of treatment response in geriatric depression from baseline folic acid level: interaction with an SSRI
 or a tricyclic antidepressant.  
In: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2003.


Review of Benzodiazepine Use in Children and Adolescents. In: Psychiatric Quarterly 2005.


When to Use Antidepressant Medication in Youth. In: Primary Psychiatry 2005

Youth, depression, treatments and science. In: Primary Psychiatry  2005.

Structural and Functional Neuroimaging of Pediatric Depression. In:  Primary Psychiatry 2005.


Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of  Anxiety Disorders in Adolescent and Young Children. In: Primary Psychiatry 2006.


The apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 allele and memory performance in HIV-1 seropositive subjects: differences at baseline but not
after acute oral 
lorazepam challenge. In: Psychopharmacology  2008 .


Tics/Tourette’s Disorder and Medications

Book Chapters

Advances in Tourette's Disorder. In: Handbook of Tourette's Syndrome and Related Tic and Behavioral Disorders.  New York, Marcel
Inc.  1993.


Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome. In: The Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, 2nd Edition.  Amsterdam: Elsevier Science. 1999


Scientific Journal Articles

Persistent Tardive Dyskinesia and Other Neuroleptic Related Dyskinesias in Tourette's Disorder.  In: Journal of Child and Adolescent 

Psychopharmacology 1993.


Neuroleptic Withdrawal-Induced Supersensitivity Psychosis in Tourette's Disorder? In: Biological Psychiatry 1993.


Environmental Factors and Related   Fluctuation  of  Symptoms  in Children and Adolescents with Tourette’s Disorder. In:  Journal of 
Psychology and Psychiatry 1995.


Causes of Haloperidol Discontinuation in Tourette's Disorder.  In: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry  1996.

Palpebral twitching in an adolescent on citalopram. In: Journal of  Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 2001.

Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Scientific Journal Articles

Haloperidol Withdrawal and Weight Changes in Autistic Children.  In: Psychopharmacology Bulletin 1993.


Naltrexone, Haloperidol and Plasma Beta Endorphins in Autistic Children.  In: Psychopharmacology Bulletin 1993.


Risperidone in Children and Adolescents with Pervasive Developmental Disorder: Pilot Trial and Follow-Up.  In: Journal of Child and
 Adolescent Psychopharmacology


The Use of Psychostimulants in Pervasive Developmental Disorders. In:  Psychiatric Quarterly 2005.



Psychosis, Schizophrenia and Medications

Book Chapters

Neuroleptic   (Antipsychotics). In: Practitioner's Guide to Psychoactive Drugs in Children and Adolescents , New York, Plenum press.   


Catecholamines and Behavior. In: Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, Orlando, Academic Press. 1994.


The Effects of Neuroleptics on Plasma Homovanillic Acid (pHVA).  In: Psychopharmacology Fourth Generation in Progress.  New York,
Press. 1995


Catecholamines and Behavior. In:  Encyclopedia of Human Biology Second Edition, 1997.


Stabilizing Systems in the Brain. Plasma Homovanillic Acid in Schizophrenia: Implication for Presynaptic Dopamine Dysfunction.  In:
In Psychiatry, APA Press, Inc. Washington, D.C. 1997


Antipsychotics (Neuroleptics).  In: Practitioner's Guide to Psychoactive Drugs in Children and Adolescents 2nd Edition. New York, 

Plenum Press.  1999


Catecholamines. In:  Encyclopedia of Human Biology Millennium Edition,  Orlando, Academic Press.  2002.


Scientific Journal Articles

Plasma Prolactin and Plasma Homovanillic Acid: Predictors of Clinical Response in Schizophrenia. In: Biological Psychiatry 1995.


Neuroleptic  Malignant Syndrome  in  Children and Adolescents.  In:  Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry  1999.


Auditory hallucinations, source monitoring, and the belief that voices are real. In: Schizophrenia Bulletin  2003.


The effect of atypical antipsychotic agents on prolactin in children and adolescents. In: Journal of Child and Adolescent


Metabolic changes and Psychotropic Agents in Child Psychiatry. In: Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology 2007.


Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome in Children and Adolescents on Atypical Antipsychotic Medication: A Review In:  Journal of Child &
Adolescent Psychopharmacology
, 2009.



Rating Scales

Scientific Journal Articles

Development of a Pictorial Instrument for Assessing Child Psychopathology. In: Psychiatry Research, 1994.


Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale. In:  Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology   2000.


A Rating scale for disruptive behavior disorders, based on the DSM-IV item pool.In:  Psychiatric Quarterly 2005.


Psychometric Properties of Darryl, a Cartoon Based Measure to Assess Community Violence-Related PTSD in Children. In: Psychiatric

 Quarterly  2007.



Services Research

Scientific Journal Articles

Intensive Day Program for Disturbed Truant Adolescents.  In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry  1998.


Model for Milieu Day Treatment for Severely Disturbed  Adolescents.  In: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic  1999.


The Role of Functional MRI in Pediatric Neurodevelopmental Disorders A Brief Review. In: Pediatric Review, 2005.

Addressing Discrepancies between child psychopharmacology literature and prescribing practices. In: Psychiatric Quarterly. 2005.

Efficacy of a children’s home and community-based services waiver program. In: Psychiatric Quarterly   2007. 

Administrative Issues in Child Psychiatry. In: Psychiatric Quarterly   2007.









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